Applied Surface Science, Vol.469, 414-422, 2019
Enhanced H2S sensing performance of cobalt doped free-standing TiO2 nanotube array film and theoretical simulation based on density functional theory
A cobalt doped free-standing TiO2 nanotube (Co-doped TiNT) array film was firstly synthesized by a one-step anodization followed by immersion method. The characterization analysis results of TiNT with the field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS) proved that the doped cobalt ions had entered into the lattice of TiO2. Subsequently, the Co-doped TiNT gas sensors with different concentration of cobalt ions were developed for testing the gas-sensing properties for H2S. Compared with the undoped one, by 0.1 M Co-doping operation, working under the temperature of 300 degrees C, the Co-doped TiNT gas sensor was demonstrated the following superiorities: the response time and recovery time were 14 s and 4 s, which were shortened by 36.4% and 33.3%, respectively. Moreover, the Co-doped TiNT gas sensor with superior selectivity, stability and repeatability, reached the response value at 199.16 for 50 ppm H2S, which was improved by 7.6 times. Finally, based on the density functional theory (DFT), the calculated band gap of the Codoped TiO2 decreased from 2.285 eV to 1.418 eV with a 38% decline. The mechanism simulation explained the obtained promotions in the gas sensing properties of the Co-doped TiNT gas sensor.