Applied Surface Science, Vol.471, 408-416, 2019
Rapid Cr(VI) reduction in aqueous solution using a novel microwave-based treatment with MoS2-MnFe2O4 composite
Microwave-induced catalytic system has been widely used in oxidation of organic pollutants, but no report focuses on heavy metal reduction. To expand the application field of microwave-induced catalytic system, MoS2 decorated MnFe2O4 was synthesized by hydrothermal method and employed for the reduction of Cr(VI) in microwave-induced catalytic system. The morphologies, chemical compositions, and optical properties of the synthesized catalysts were investigated using SEM, XRD, FT-IR and XPS. The MoS2-MnFe(2)O(4 )samples exhibited significantly enhanced microwave-catalytic performance for Cr(VI) reduction compared to pristine MoS2 and MnFe2O4, among which, the MoS2-MnFe2O4 (10 wt%) sample was most suitable for Cr(VI) reduction in aqueous solution. 85.8% of Cr(VI) removal was obtained in 16 min in the present of MoS2-MnFe2O4. The effect of catalyst dosage, initial pH and microwave output on Cr(VI) reduction were investigated. Mechanism of Cr(VI) removal was investigated by radical quenching experiments. The enhanced microwave-catalytic activity of MoS2-MnFe2O4 may be owing to the fact that MoS2 can act as an electron acceptor to suppress the recombination of microwave-excited electron-holes. These results showed that microwave-induced catalytic reduction system is promising in Cr(VI) decontamination in aqueous solution.