Applied Surface Science, Vol.472, 150-157, 2019
Combustion synthesis of Ce2LuO5.5:Eu phosphor nanopowders: structure, surface and luminescence investigations
The spherical shape, uniform size and small degree of agglomeration of the particles play crucial roles in promoting the practical applications of the phosphor powders. In this paper, the novel Eu3+-doped cerium lutetium Ce2LuO5.5 composite nanopowders with a cubic fluorite structure were prepared via a typical solution combustion route, and their internal structure, surface morphology as well as luminescence properties were investigated. The Eu3+ could substitute in either Lu3+ or Ce4+ sites and the existence of oxygen vacancy was confirmed in the composite by X-ray diffraction and Raman spectra techniques. Without the addition of surfactant, most of the as-prepared particles were bound together, and the luminescence was very weak even after a sintering process. Assisted with appropriate polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) surfactant in the combustion reaction and a subsequent heat-treatment process, the bound-particles were evidently separated and seemed to be nearly spherical shape. The particle size could be controlled to 30-120 nm and the luminescence was enhanced by adjusting the subsequent sintering temperature. Excited with 466 nm blue light, the nanopowders exhibited characteristic D-5(0) -> F-7(J) (J = 0-4) emission transition of Eu3+ and showed enhanced red luminescence as Eu3+ occupied Ce4+ site rather than Lu3+ site. The maximum emission was obtained as 40 mol% Eu substitutes Ce in the composite. Due to the coincidence of 466 nm excitation light with the emission of InGaN chips in white light-emitting diodes, the surface-morphology improved Eu-doped Ce2LuO5.5 phosphor nanopowders have a potential application in solid state lighting fields. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.