화학공학소재연구정보센터
Applied Surface Science, Vol.473, 1066-1073, 2019
Visible light active titanates photosensitized by Ti(IV) surface complexes
For the first time, photosensitization of selected alkaline titanates with surface charge transfer complexes has been proven. Activation of BaTiO3, SrTiO3 and CaTiO3 to visible as well as ultraviolet light has been achieved by impregnation with catechol, salicylic acid and 2,3-naphthalenediol. Simple modification of titanates with organic compounds forming inner-sphere CT complexes with Ti atoms located at the surface of semiconductors resulted in coloration of the materials. Even though acceptor electronic states of titanates are characterized by a higher energy compared with titania (even up to 0.75 eV higher for CaTiO3), complexes formed at their surface absorb in similar or even broader optical range of visible light. Beside changes in the absorption properties, used modifications also strongly influenced their photoelectrochemical and photocatalytic properties. In contrast to similarly modified titanium dioxide, modified titanates show significantly improved photocatalytic activity not only under visible light but also within ultraviolet range of radiation. Remarkably increased efficiency of photocurrent generation within the UV range of radiation may suggest that apart from observed electron transfer from HOMO of the complex to conduction band (CB) of the semiconductor also an indirect photosensitization mechanism involving the electron transfer from the excited complexes to the CB of titanates may take place.