Applied Surface Science, Vol.475, 803-812, 2019
Electrodeposition of lead selenide films from ionic liquids based on choline chloride
The paper presents some experimental results regarding the electrodeposition of PbSe thin films at 70 degrees C from two choline chloride (ChCl) based ionic liquids containing PbCl2 and SeO2 as precursors in choline chloride-ethylene glycol (ILEG) and choline chloride-urea (IL) eutectic mixtures. In this article we will detail our investigation of cathodic processes involved during the electrodeposition of binary semiconductor compound, PbSe as well as of singular Pb and Se elements. The cathodic branches of the recorded cyclic voltammograms in the cases of ionic liquids containing both Pb2+ + Se4+ show successively the Se underpotential deposition, Se bulk deposition and Pb deposition followed by a formation of PbSe semiconductor compound. However, at the most negative potentials the Se content of final layers decreases by a partial electrochemical dissolution of Se which reduces to Se2- soluble species. PbSe thin films have been electrodeposited on copper or nickel substrates under potentiostatic control at 70 degrees C for 0.5-4 h. The adherent and uniform deposits were characterized by SEM-EDX and XRD techniques. SEM images have shown adherent and grey deposits with uniform morphology and cubic PbSe crystals. A stoichiometry of around Pb1.1Se was indicated by EDX elemental analysis. XRD confirmed the formation of PbSe compound, showing a nanocrystalline structure, with crystallites average sizes in the range of 10-35 nm.