Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.102, No.24, 10579-10588, 2018
Characterization and use of a bacterial lignin peroxidase with an improved manganese-oxidative activity
Peroxidases are well-known biocatalysts produced by all organisms, especially microorganisms, and used in a number of biotechnological applications. The enzyme DypB from the lignin-degrading bacterium Rhodococcus jostii was recently shown to degrade solvent-obtained fractions of a Kraft lignin. In order to promote the practical use, the N246A variant of DypB, named Rh_DypB, was overexpressed in E. coli using a designed synthetic gene: by employing optimized conditions, the enzyme was fully produced as folded holoenzyme, thus avoiding the need for a further time-consuming and expensive reconstitution step. By a single chromatographic purification step, > 100 mg enzyme/L fermentation broth with a > 90% purity was produced. Rh_DypB shows a classical peroxidase activity which is significantly increased by adding Mn2+ ions: kinetic parameters for H2O2, Mn2+, ABTS, and 2,6-DMP were determined. The recombinant enzyme shows a good thermostability (melting temperature of 63-65 degrees C), is stable at pH 6-7, and maintains a large part of the starting activity following incubation for 24 h at 25-37 degrees C. Rh_DypB activity is not affected by 1 M NaCl, 10% DMSO, and 5% Tween-80, i.e., compounds used for dye decolorization or lignin-solubilization processes. The enzyme shows broad dye-decolorization activity, especially in the presence of Mn2+, oxidizes various aromatic monomers from lignin, and cleaves the guaiacylglycerol-beta-guaiacyl ether (GGE), i.e., the C alpha-C beta bond of the dimeric lignin model molecule of beta-O-4 linkages. Under optimized conditions, 2mM GGE was fully cleaved by recombinant Rh_DypB, generating guaiacol in only 10 min, at a rate of 12.5 mu mol/min mg enzyme.