Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.103, No.4, 1573-1588, 2019
Probiotic therapy in Helicobacter pylori infection: a potential strategy against a serious pathogen?
Helicobacter pylori is a highly prevalent human pathogen responsible for chronic inflammation of the gastric tissues, gastroduodenal ulcers, and cancer. The treatment includes a pair of antibiotics with a proton pump inhibitor PPI. Despite the presence of different treatments, the infection rate is still increasing both in developed and developing states. The challenge of treatment failure is greatly due to the resistance of H. pylori to antibiotics and its side effects. Probiotics potential to cure H. pylori infection is well-documented. Probiotics combined with conventional treatment regime appear to have great potential in eradicating H. pylori infection, therefore, provide an excellent alternative approach to manage H. pylori load and its threatening disease outcome. Notably, anti-H. pylori activity of probiotics is strain specific,therefore establishing standard guidelines regarding the dose and formulation of individual strain is inevitable. This review is focused on probiotic's antagonism against H. pylori summarizing their three main potential aspects: their efficiency (i) as an alternative to H. pylori eradication treatment, (ii) as an adjunct to H. pylori eradication treatment and (iii) as a vaccine delivery vehicle.