Applied Energy, Vol.231, 179-193, 2018
A multizone model of the combustion chamber dynamics in a controlled trajectory rapid compression and expansion machine (CT-RCEM)
A novel, controlled trajectory rapid compression and expansion machine (CT-RCEM) with the unique capability of precise motion control of the piston has been developed. The compression and expansion profile can be varied, in the CT-RCEM, by digitally changing the piston reference trajectory assigned to the active motion controller. Besides the ease of operation, and wider selection of operating parameters with higher resolution, this capability lowers the turnaround time between experiments by eliminating the need for any hardware intervention. More importantly, this capability allows us to tailor the thermodynamic path of compression (and expansion) - essentially the pressure and temperature profile by appropriate selection of the piston trajectory. However, to effectively leverage these features of the CT-RCEM, a numerical model is essential for selection of appropriate thermodynamic path for chemical-kinetic investigations, as well as for the interpretation of the corresponding experimental results. In this work, we present a computationally efficient, physics based multi-zone model of the combustion dynamics of the CT-RCEM, which accounts for the heat loss and piston crevice flows. We show that the concurrent use of the proposed model with the CT-RCEM allows, for the first time, a systematic investigation of the effect of changing piston trajectory and consequently the thermodynamic path of compression on the auto ignition characteristics of fuels. The effect of changing piston trajectory on autoignition characteristics of dimethyl-ether (DME) observed in CT-RCEM experiments has been explained using the proposed model. The study dearly shows that changing the piston trajectory can significantly affect the measured ignition delay due to the resulting change in the thermodynamic path. Also, a shorter compression time for a given compression ratio does not necessarily guarantee smaller reaction progress during compression. The paper concludes by summarizing the unique insight obtained from this study the use of CT-RCEM for auto-ignition investigation involving thermodynamic paths with similar pressure and temperature conditions at the end of compression but different intermediate species buildup can potentially provide additional information vital for further understanding of the chemical kinetics.