Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Vol.242, 31-39, 2019
NiMo-ceria-zirconia-based anode for solid oxide fuel cells operating on gasoline surrogate
A multi-functional NiMo-ceria-zirconia composite was developed as an anode for a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) running on isooctane, a commonly used gasoline surrogate. The anode layer was fabricated on an electrolyte supported single cell using yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) as the electrolyte and La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3.delta as the cathode. Our results indicate that the single NiMo-ceria-zirconia layer possesses a dual-functionality: firstly to internally convert complex hydrocarbons into synthesis gas with a high resistance to coking and secondly to electrochemically oxidize the synthesis gas mixture for electric power generation. Compared with the conventional Ni-YSZ anode single cell, the application of the ceria-zirconia in the anode significantly suppresses carbon deposition and improves the performance stability of the single cell. Furthermore, the addition of Mo in the Ni-ceria-zirconia appears to facilitate a higher degree of sintering for the anode, which increases the electronic conductivity and maximum power density of the single cell. Consequently, at 800 degrees C the single cell with 5 wt.% Mo in the Ni-ceria-zirconia-based anode displayed a higher maximum power density of 212 mW cm(-2) at 0.48 V and significantly enhanced performance stability than the conventional Ni-YSZ anode single cell in the isooctane/air operating mode.