Applied Catalysis A: General, Vol.569, 28-34, 2019
Effect of reduction treatments (H-2 vs. CO) on the NO adsorption ability and the physicochemical properties of Pd/SSZ-13 passive NOx adsorber for cold start application
Pd/SSZ-13, which has ability to adsorb NO at low temperature, is potentially used as a passive NOx adsorber for cold start application. We investigate the changes in the physicochemical properties and low temperature NO adsorption ability of Pd/SSZ-13 resulting from the reduction treatments with H-2 or CO at various temperatures. Treatment with H, at 500 degrees C does not give rise to the decrease in NO adsorption ability. However, the ability begins to decrease gradually with the increasing reduction temperature from 600 to 900 degrees C. On the other hand, CO treatment at 500 degrees C induces a significant decrease in NO adsorption ability. Combined EXAFS, HAADF-STEM and H-2-TPR results clearly demonstrate that CO treatment induced more severe sintering of Pd species than H-2 one at the same reduction temperature. After re-oxidation at 500 degrees C, H-2-treated sample generated Pd ion species, which are the active site for NO adsorption at low temperature, more abundantly than CO-treated one, well corresponding to the higher NO adsorption ability over the former sample. Such phenomenon is attributed to the facile sintering behavior due to the high mobility of Pd-carbonyl complex upon the treatment with CO. It can be concluded that the reduction treatments with H-2 and CO have different effect on Pd sintering, which is regarded as the main deactivation mechanism of Pd/SSZ-13 passive NOx adsorber.