Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol.187, No.1, 310-322, 2019
Anti-Diabetic and Anti-Nephritic Activities of Grifola frondosa Mycelium Polysaccharides in Diet-Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats Via Modulation on Oxidative Stress
Grifola frondosa is an edible fungus with a variety of potential pharmacological activities. This study investigates the hypoglycemic, anti-diabetic nephritic, and antioxidant properties of G. frondosa polysaccharides in diet-streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. After a 4-week treatment with 100mg/kg of metformin and 200mg/kg of one of four different G. frondosa polysaccharide mixtures (especially GFPS3 and GFPS4), diabetic rats had enhanced body weight and suppressed plasma glucose, indicating the hypoglycemic activities of the G. frondosa polysaccharides. G. frondosa polysaccharides regulated the level of serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, N-acetyl--d-glucosaminidase, and albuminuria; inhibited the serum levels of interleukin (IL)-2, IL-6, and TNF-; and enhanced the serum levels of matrix metalloproteinase 9 and interferon-, confirming their anti-diabetic nephritic activities. G. frondosa polysaccharides ameliorated the pathological alterations in the kidneys of diabetic rats. Moreover, G. frondosa polysaccharides modulated the serum levels of oxidant factors such as superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, catalase, malondialdehyde, and reactive oxygen species, revealing their antioxidant properties. Furthermore, the administration of G. frondosa polysaccharides inhibited nuclear factor kappa B activities in the serum and kidneys. All of the data revealed that the activation of nuclear factor kappa B plays a central role in G. frondosa polysaccharide-mediated anti-diabetic and anti-nephritic activities.