Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.30, No.1, 85-97, 2019
Simulation of the pressure drop across granulated mixtures using a coupled DEM - CFD model
The sinter process converts mixtures of iron ore, iron ore fines and fluxes into a fused aggregate (sinter) that is used as burden material in the blast furnace. The rate of this process is predicted by measuring the pressure drop across the green granulated mixture before ignition. A lower pressure drop corresponds with a higher permeability resulting in a higher sinter rate. The addition of fine material, such as concentrate or concentrate agglomerated into micropellets, to the sinter mixture affects the pressure drop. This study numerically predicts the pressure drop over several granulated mixtures in order to reduce the number of experimental measurements. The pressure drop was studied both experimentally using a pot grate and by coupled DEM (Discrete Element Method) - CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) simulations. The validation of the model was performed by comparing the measured and numerical values of the pressure drop across glass beads 3 and 6 mm in diameter respectively. The simulation of the pressure drop was extended to granulated mixtures that contain 0-40% concentrate or micropellets. DEM was also used to numerically simulate iron ore granules and relate their mechanical behaviour to particle size distribution, shape, friction coefficient, Young's modulus and adhesion force. (C) 2018 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.