Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.30, No.3, 544-554, 2019
Application of oak powder/Fe3O4 magnetic composite in toxic metals removal from aqueous solutions
In this study, the capability of a magnetic composite of oak powder/Fe3O4 (OP/Fe3O4) for the adsorption of lead, cobalt, and nickel ions from aqueous solutions was examined. Characteristics and structure of oak powder (OP) and OP/Fe3O4 magnetic composite were explored by FTIR, SEM, TGA-DTG, VSM, and XRD analysis. The XRD results showed that OP/Fe3O4 magnetic composite and OP were in crystalline form. Kinetic behavior of adsorption process was studied using pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, and Elovich models. Results indicated that the pseudo-second-order model (R-2 > 0.999) can better describe the kinetic behavior of the metal adsorption process. Equilibrium behavior of the adsorption process was also tested using Langmuir, Freundlich, Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R), and Scatchard isotherm models. The results revealed that the adsorption equilibrium data for three metals match with the Freundlich isotherm model (R-2 > 0.99). This indicates the effectiveness of heterogeneous surfaces in comparison with homogeneous ones in the adsorption process of metal ions. Moreover, the results showed that the adsorption process of metal ions with the OP/Fe3O4 magnetic composite is physical. Finally, negative values of enthalpy and entropy indicated that the process of the metal ion adsorption is spontaneous and exothermic. (C) 2018 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.