Langmuir, Vol.34, No.42, 12625-12634, 2018
Effect of the Strength of Stickers on Rheology and Adhesion of Supramolecular Center-Functionalized Polyisobutenes
In order to systematically investigate the effect of the strength of the supramolecular interactions on the debonding properties of associative polymers, a series of model systems have been characterized by probe-tack tests. These model materials, composed of linear and low dispersity poly(isobutylene) chains (M-n approximate to 3 kg/mol) center-functionalized by a single bis-urea sticker, are able to self-assemble by four hydrogen bonds. Three types of stickers are used in the present study: a bis-urea with a methylene diphenyl (MDI) spacer, a bis-urea with a tolyl (TOL) spacer, and a bis-urea with a xylyl (XYL) spacer. In order to investigate the influence of stickers in depth, both the nanostructure of the materials and the linear rheology were investigated by small-angle Xray scattering (SAXS) and oscillatory shear, respectively. For two types of stickers (TOL and XYL), the association of polymers via hydrogen bonds induces the formation of bundles of rodlike aggregates at room temperature and the behavior of a soft elastic material was observed. For bis-urea MDI, no structure is detected by SAXS and a Newtonian behavior is observed at room temperature. In probe-tack experiments, all these materials show a cohesive mode of failure, a signature of flowing materials as previously observed for tri-urea center-functionalized poly(butylacrylate) (PnBA3U). However, XYL center-functionalized polyisobutene shows much higher debonding energies than PnBA3U, revealing the importance of the strength of noncovalent bonds in the scission/recombination dynamics. On the basis of the analysis of the debonding images, this effect is discussed via the mechanical behavior at large deformation.