Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol.165, No.11, H717-H724, 2018
Enhancement of the Activity and Stability of PbO2 Electrodes by Modifying with Polydimethylsiloxane
The beta-PbO2 of a Ti/Sn-SbOx/PbO2 electrode was modified with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) (Ti/Sn-SbOx/PbO2-PDMS) through a facile electrodeposition method. The results from scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive spectrometry and X-ray diffraction demonstrated that the PDMS was irreversibly adsorbed on the beta-PbO2 of Ti/Sn-SbOx/PbO2-PDMS, leading to a decrease in the crystal size, surface cracks and preferential growth trend of beta-PbO2. Compared with its PDMS-unmodified counterparts, the Ti/Sn-SbOx/PbO2-PDMS electrode exhibited relatively higher activity, selectivity and stability in the anodic oxidation of p-chlorophenol. Moreover, theTi/Sn-SbOx/PbO2-PDMS electrode was more stable than the Ti/Sn-SbOx/PbO2 electrode, as evidenced by the accelerated life test. Based on the quantitative measurements of contact angle, hydroxyl radicals (HO.) and the initial surface concentration of various p-substituted phenols, including p-cresol, p-methoxyphenol, phenol, and p-chlorophenol, and with the help of electrochemical characterization of linear sweep voltammetry, it could be concluded that the improved electrochemical activity and stability of Ti/Sn-SbOx/PbO2-PDMS originated from the enhanced hydrophobicity of the electrode surface. Different from a traditional Ti/Sn-SbOx/PbO(2 )electrode with adsorbed HO center dot as the dominant active species, the Ti/Sn-SbOx/PbO2-PDMS with a hydrophobic surface favors the generation of more free HO center dot. (C) 2018 The Electrochemical Society.