화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol.165, No.14, A3292-A3298, 2018
Sustainable Selective Extraction of Lithium Chloride from Natural Brine Using a Li1-xMn2O4 Ion Pump
The spontaneous electrochemical extraction of lithium chloride from natural brine of high altitude salt flats in Northwest Argentina and recovery in a dilute electrolyte is demonstrated in two experiments: i) a highly selective LiMn2O4 insertion cathode and polypyrrole anion selective anode (salt capturing) and ii) an LiMn2O4 anode and lithium deficient Li-1-xMn(2)O(4) cathode separated by anion selective membrane (selective ion exchange). The entropy driven transfer of LiCl from concentrated brine to a dilute recovery electrolyte has been experimentally studied by ion pumping and the LiCl activity measured in natural brine. (C) 2018 The Electrochemical Society.