화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Materials Science, Vol.53, No.20, 14506-14524, 2018
Branched sulfonated polyimide/functionalized silicon carbide composite membranes with improved chemical stabilities and proton selectivities for vanadium redox flow battery application
Silicon carbide (SiC) was pretreated and functionalized by using alpha, omega-di-aminopropyl polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) to obtain a novel inorganic filler SiC (PDMS). Then, a series of branched sulfonated polyimide/SiC (PDMS) (bSPI/SiC (PDMS)) composite membranes with different contents of SiC (PDMS) were fabricated for vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) application. Fourier transform infrared spectra, X-ray diffraction, and field emission scanning electron microscope demonstrate the successful preparation of SiC (PDMS) and bSPI/SiC (PDMS) membranes. The thermogravimetric analysis shows that bSPI/SiC (PDMS)-1.5% membrane has better thermal stability than pure bSPI, bSPI/SiC-1.5%, and Nafion 117 membranes. The ex situ chemical stability test results show that bSPI/SiC (PDMS)-0.5-2.5% composite membranes have better chemical stabilities than pure bSPI membrane. The physicochemical properties of bSPI/SiC (PDMS) membranes, including water uptake, swelling ratio, ion exchange capacity are investigated. Thereinto, bSPI/SiC (PDMS)-1.5% membrane has the highest proton selectivity (S: 2.99 x 10(5) S min cm(-3)) and was chosen as an optimum VRFB membrane. And the VRFB assembled with bSPI/ SiC (PDMS)-1.5% membrane exhibits better battery performance than that assembled with Nafion 117 membrane during 500-time cyclic charge-discharge test at 20-60 mA cm(-2). Above results indicate that as-optimized bSPI/SiC (PDMS)-1.5% membrane has great potential for VRFB application.