Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.355, 65-73, 2018
Catalytic degradation of organophosphorous nerve agent simulants by polymer beads@graphene oxide with organophosphorus hydrolase-like activity based on rational design of functional bimetallic nuclear ligand
The degradation of organophosphorous nerve agents is of primary concern due to the severe toxicity of these agents. Based on the active center of organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH), a bimetallic nuclear ligand, (5-vinyl-1,3-phenylene)bis(di(1H-imidazol-2-yl) methanol) (VPIM), was designed and synthesized, which contains four imidazole groups to mimic the four histidines at OPH active center. By grafting VPIM on graphene oxide (GO) surface via polymerization, the VPIM-polymer beads@GO was produced. The obtained OPH mimics has an impressive activity in dephosphorylation reactions (turnover frequency (TOF) towards paraoxon: 2.3 s(-1)). The synergistic catalytic effect of the bimetallic Zn2+ nuclear center and carboxyl groups on surface of GO possibly contributes to the high hydrolysis on organophosphate substrate. Thus, a biomimetic catalyst for efficient degradation of some organophosphorous nerve agent simulants, such as paraoxon and chlorpyrifos, was prepared by constructing catalytic active sites. The proposed mechanism and general synthetic strategy open new avenues for the engineering of functional GOs for biomimetic catalysts.