Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Vol.823, 505-516, 2018
Ternary nanostructures of Cr2O3/graphene oxide/conducting polymers for supercapacitor application
In this work, nanostructured composites of Cr2O3-graphene oxide (Cr2O3/GO) with conducting polymers; polyaniline (PANI) and polypyrrole (PPy) with the shape of cauliflower were synthesized via s simple and low cost one-step chronoamperometry method. The structures and morphologies of the resulting ternary nanocomposites were characterized by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The electrochemical capacitive properties of the prepared nanocomposites were evaluated by using cycle voltammetry, galvanostatic chargedischarge, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The as-synthesized Cr2O3/GO/PANI and Cr2O3/GO/PPy composites exhibit a highest specific capacitance of 525 and 495 F g(-1) at 5A g(-1) in the three-electrode tests, respectively. Interestingly, Cr2O3/GO/PANI and Cr2O3/GO/PPy composites retain 84 and 80% of their initial capacitance values after 4000 charge-discharge cycles, suggesting good electrochemical stability of the nanocomposite electrodes. The assembled symmetric devices based on Cr2O3/GO/PANI and Cr2O3/GO/PPy composites show a high specific capacitance of 263 and 100 F g(-1) at the current density of 5 A g(-1), respectively.