Journal of Power Sources, Vol.79, No.1, 19-24, 1999
Effect of temperature on the discharge capacity of the Laves phase alloy used in nickel/metal-hydride batteries
The discharge capacity, the high-rate dischargeability and the self-discharge characteristics of negative electrodes consisting of the Zr-based, modified AB, type alloys of ZrV(0.1)Mno(0.7)Ni(1.2) alloy and ZrV0.1Mn0.5Mo0.2Ni1.2, alloy, the latter having the form of partially substituted Mo for Mn sites in the former alloy, are investigated in 6 M KOH solution at 30, 40 and 60 degrees C. II is found that the discharge capacities obtained at 30 and 40 degrees C are almost the same in both alloys, but they decrease at 60 degrees C. The activation process becomes faster in both alloys with increasing temperature. The high-rate dischargeability increases slightly from 85% at 30 degrees C to 90% at 60 degrees C. At the very high discharge current of 5 A g(-1), however, the discharge capacity at 60 degrees C was increased by 7 X and 17 X more than that at 30 degrees C in ZrV0.1Mn0.7Ni1.2, alloy and ZrV0.1Mn0.5Mo0.2Ni1.2, alloy, respectively. The addition of Mo improved the self-discharge characteristics. especially at 60 degrees C.