International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.43, No.33, 16068-16084, 2018
Silica-related membranes in fuel cell applications: An overview
Silica is the most common inorganic filler used in fuel cells, especially for proton exchange membrane fuel cell and direct alcohol fuel cell applications. Silica has played an important role in improving the performance of fuel cells by enhancing their membrane properties. Recently, silica has been widely implemented in different types of membranes, such as fluorinated membranes (Nation), sulfonated membranes (SPEEK, SPS, SPAES, SPI) and other organic polymer matrixes. The incorporation of silica into membrane matrices has improved the thermal stability, mechanical strength, water retention capacity and proton conductivity of the membrane. This review describes the interactions between silica and different types of polymer matrices in fuel cells and how they boost fuel cell performance. In addition, this review also discusses the current challenges of silica-related membrane based fuel cells and predicts the future prospects of silica in membrane-based fuel cell applications. (C) 2018 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.