International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.43, No.43, 19918-19929, 2018
Catalytic conversion of Venice lagoon brown marine algae for producing hydrogen-rich gas and valuable biochemical using algal biochar and Ni/SBA-15 catalyst
This study investigated the catalytic behavior of two different types of materials: (i) algal biochar and (ii) 15 wt% Ni impregnated on SBA-15 support (Ni/SBA-15), in the thermochemical decomposition of Venice lagoon brown marine algae (Sargassum). First, non catalytic pyrolysis tests were conducted in a temperature range of 400-800 degrees C in a dual bed slow pyrolysis reactor. The optimum temperature for maximized liquid yield was at the temperature of 700 degrees C. Biochar catalyst exhibited excellent catalytic activity toward producing aromatic compounds via Diels-Alder-type reactions. However, Ni/SBA-15, because of interconnected pores provided easy passage for reactant and product during the catalytic pyrolysis process and resulted in an improvement in total gas yield (25.87 mmol/g Sargassum) and hydrogen-rich gas production (8.54 mmol/g Sargassum). The catalytic performances of both biochar and Ni/SBA-15 catalysts were compared to biocharbased catalysts derived from red and green macroalgae. High specific surface area, large pore volume, highly ordered pore structure, and narrow pore size distribution make SBA-15 a promising catalyst support in pyrolysis of biomass. (C) 2018 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.