International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.127, 1124-1137, 2018
Thermohydraulic performance of microchannel heat sinks with triangular ribs on sidewalls - Part 1: Local fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics
Triangular ribs are mounted on the parallel sidewalls of microchannels in order to reinitialize the thermal boundary layer and improve the mixing of cold and hot fluids. This paper presents a detailed numerical study on local laminar fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics in microchannel heat sinks with tandem triangular ribs for Reynolds number of 443. Three-dimensional conjugate heat transfer models considering entrance effect, viscous heating, as well as temperature-dependent thermophysical properties are employed. Water and silicon are respectively used as fluid and solid for the computational domain. Triangular ribs are attached in microchannels with either aligned or offset arrangement. Four non-dimensional geometry parameters relative to the width, height, converging-diverging ratio and spacing of triangular ribs are proposed to investigate the influence on local fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics. Velocity contour, pressure and temperature distributions are examined to demonstrate the basic fluid flow and heat transfer mechanism. Local pressure and temperature profiles are studied to show the influence of the triangular ribs on fluid flow and heat transfer process. Local friction factor and Nusselt number for different non-dimensional geometry variables are further investigated to comprehensively indicate the impact of triangular ribs. Results shows that the triangular ribs can significantly reduce the temperature rise of the heat sink base and efficiently prevent the drop of local heat transfer coefficient along the flow direction, but also result in higher local friction factor than the straight microchannel. For the studied operation conditions and geometry parameters of flow passage, the heat sink base temperature varies in the range of from 301.90 to 32431 K, the computed pressure drop and heat transfer coefficient fluctuate from one triangular rib to the next and their amplitude and wavelength significantly depend on the geometry and arrangement of triangular ribs. Compared to the reference straight microchannel heat sink, a superior configuration considered in this paper can yield an improvement of up to 2.15 times higher of average Nusselt number. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.