IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol.33, No.3, 1321-1329, 2018
Generalized Step-Down Switched-Capacitor Converter Under ZCS for Photovoltaic Applications
Resonant switched-capacitor converters (SCCs) are being increasingly used in energy conversion systems due to their low cost, low weight, and high efficiency. The zero-current switching (ZCS) feature of an SCC, which can be achieved at a switching frequency below the resonant frequency, not only results in soft switching and, hence, low switching losses, but also reduces the electromagnetic interference caused by the converter. This paper proposes a cascaded step-down SCC (CSD-SCC) with an arbitrary number of converter stages and an exponential output-to-input voltage ratio. This SCC reduces the number of required converter stages for a low voltage conversion ratio and has a low ripple in the output voltage. A mathematical study is proposed to analyze the operating modes of this generalized CSD-SCC under ZCS operation. This study also enables the calculation of the output voltage, the output voltage ripple, and the efficiency for different switching frequencies and loads. The proposed analysis is validated via several simulation and experimental case studies, including a photovoltaic energy conversion system. The experimental CSD-SCC has two converter stages with an efficiency higher than 95%.