Energy, Vol.157, 904-913, 2018
Experimental investigation of the stability of a turbulent diffusion flame in a gas turbine combustor
The stability of a turbulent diffusion flame temperature in an atmospheric gas-turbine combustor is investigated experimentally over a range of operating conditions to study the combined effect of hydrogen-enriched- methane (as fuel) and oxygen with carbon dioxide (oxy-fuel, as the oxidizer) on the combustion flame stability. These conditions included varying fuel and oxidizer mixture compositions, swirl angles, and equivalence ratios. The fuel (i.e. methane) is enriched with hydrogen (H-2) in a ratio that ranged from zero to 50%; where the oxidizer (pure oxygen) is mixed with carbon dioxide (CO2) in a ratio that ranged from zero up to the value of flame blow-off. Different swirl vane angles corresponding to different swirl numbers were considered. The results indicated that stable regime (flame) is achieved close to stoichiometric conditions at high oxygen (O-2) to CO(2 )ratio and high H-2 (50%) enriched fuel; while the flame blow-off occurred at low O(2 )to CO2 ratios (20% or less). High-level flame stability with moderate flame length and temperature were observed at the highest swirl vane angle. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.