Energy, Vol.158, 537-545, 2018
Interfacial properties of high-order aggregation of organic dyes: A combination of static and dynamic properties
Aggregation is inevitable for the organic dyes, and it is difficult to evaluate its effects due to its complexity. Herein, we combine first principles and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to explore the influence of aggregation on the optical and electronic properties for THI-BTZ-2T-C. If only the static properties are considered, the configuration of dye is not varied greatly when the adsorbed dyes are increased from monomer to hexamer. However, the absorption spectrum varies regularly with the increased aggregation order. In addition, the contribution of different orbitals of various atoms to density of states (DOS) gradually increases with the aggregation order increasing. When dynamics simulation is performed, the torsion between different components of dye is enlarged. Meanwhile, the perpendicular model is altered during the dynamics simulations, the dye would like to bend towards the TiO2 surface. Moreover, the electronic coupling is greatly improved during the molecular dynamics simulations especially for the H-aggregation. The dye aggregation mainly affects the electrons injection process resulting in the reduction of the photoelectric conversion efficiency for dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Reduction of perfect face to face stacking would be an efficient pathway to weaken the aggregation. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Dye sensitized solar cells;Organic dye;High-order aggregation;Electronic coupling;Molecular dynamics