Energy, Vol.160, 500-519, 2018
Monitoring of thermal stresses in pressure components based on the wall temperature measurement
Thick-wall boiler components limit maximum heating and cooling rates during start-up or shut-down of the boiler. First, the allowable heating rates of the critical pressure components of the boiler were determined, and the temperature of the fluid was determined. The rate of change of the wall temperature of the pressure element and the thermal stress on the inner surface are controlled online and compared with the permissible values. Boiler manufacturers designate thermal stresses on the inner surface of the pressure component on the edge of the hole based on the measurement of the wall temperature at two points located inside it. Due to the low accuracy of the method used by boiler manufacturers, a new stress-determination method has been proposed in this paper in which only the internal temperature measurement point is used to determine the stresses on the inner surface of the component. In the method proposed in the paper, first, the internal surface temperature is determined from the inverse heat conduction solution, and then the stresses are calculated. Numerous computational tests were performed for cylindrical and spherical elements. Thermal stresses on the inner surface were also determined based on actual measurement data. Thermal stresses can be monitored at small time intervals. The advantage of the method is its high accuracy even at rapid changes in the fluid temperature. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.