Energy, Vol.163, 533-545, 2018
Cost-effective, low thermo-chemo disperser pretreatment for biogas production potential of marine macroalgae Chaetomorpha antennina
In this study, a novel attempt has been made to generate energy-efficient biomethane from marine macroalgae (Chaetomorpha antennina) by coupling thermochemical liquefaction with a disperser (thermo-chemo disperser (TCD) liquefaction). A temperature of (80 degrees C), pH 11 and disperser g-force of 1613 g were considered optimal parameters for effective solubilization and energy-efficient methane generation. This combinative liquefaction considerably reduced the treatment time and specific energy from 60 to 15 min and 6294 to 800 kJ/kg TS. The highest volatile fatty acids (VFA) accumulation of 890 mg/L was recorded in TCD compared to a thermo disperser (TD) (750 mg/L) and disperser (D) (322 mg/L) during anaerobic fermentation. TCD enhances the methane production potential of macro algal biomass and a higher methane production of 215 mL/g VS was achieved for TCD compared to TD (149 mL/g VS) and D samples (100 mL/g VS), respectively. Cost analysis confirmed the field applicability of TCD liquefaction with a net profit of 90 USD/ton of marine macroalgae. A high energy ratio of 1.5 was achieved with the proposed mode of pretreatment (TCD) compared to TD (0.95) and D (0.28) pretreatment. Therefore, C. antennina is considered a suitable feedstock for methane generation. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.