Electrochimica Acta, Vol.283, 772-779, 2018
A disposable non-enzymatic histamine sensor based on the nafion-coated copper phosphate electrodes for estimation of fish freshness
Histamine is an important index for the estimation of allergic reaction and food freshness. This study develops a single-step dipping and coating method to fast produce an electrochemical histamine sensor based on a nafion-coated copper phosphate (Cu-3(PO4)(2))-dominated electrode. The flake-like Cu-3(PO4)(2) nanostructures can be fast formed on Cu-electrodeposited screen printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs) within 20 min. Moreover, the 1% nafion-coated Cu-3(PO4)(2)/SPCEs presented good selectivity for the detection of histamine in the pH 8.5 solution. The nafion/Cu-3(PO4)(2)/SPCEs can be integrated with a flow-injection device for the detection of histamine with a good correlation coefficient (R = 0.999) in the range of 5-500 ppm. The calculated limit of detection was 3.0 ppm. Moreover, the histamine concentration of 45 h-rotten fish samples detected by the nafion/Cu-3(PO4)(2)/SPCEs had a less than 10% deviation from that measured by the commercialized liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy. The nafion/Cu-3(PO4)2/ SPCEs have great promise for estimating the freshness of fish meat without expensive separation equipment and labor-intensive labeling procedures. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.