Electrochimica Acta, Vol.286, 86-91, 2018
1, 3, 5-Pentanetricarbonitrile additive for improving high voltage stability of lithium cobalt oxide cells
In this work, 1, 3, 5-Pentanetricarbonitrile (PTN) is adopted as a novel electrolyte additive to improve the electrochemical characteristics of LiCoO2 cathode operating under high charging cut-off voltage. PTN additive generates an extremely stable CEI film with abundant of CN bond and higher content of LixPOyFz/LixPFy on the LiCoO2 cathode surface, which is beneficial to inhibit the continuous decomposition of electrolyte and decrease the interfacial impedance. With electrolyte containing 0.5 wt.% PTN, the LiCoO2 cathode shows an initial capacity of 180.1 mAh g(-1) with a columbic efficiency of 94.0%, and achieves a capacity retention of 90.7% for 300 cycles at 3.0-4.45 V. It makes the mass specific energy density of LCO cathode increases from 564.7 Wh kg(-1) to 728.7 Wh kg(-1), which leads to nearly 30% of the additional energy. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.