Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol.26, No.8, 1621-1630, 2018
Control structure comparison for three-product Petlyuk column
The focus of this paper is to investigate different control structures (single-loop PI control) for a dividing wall (Petlyuk) column for separating ethanol, n-propanol and n-butanol. Four control structures are studied. All the results are simulations based on Aspen Plus. Control structure 1 (CS1) is stabilizing control structure with only temperature controllers. CS2, CS3 and CS4, containing also composition controllers, are introduced to reduce the steady state composition deviations. CS2 adds a distillate composition controller (CCDB) on top of CS1. CS3 is much more complicated with three temperature-composition cascade controllers and in addition a selector to the reboiler duty to control the maximum controller output of light impurity composition control in side stream and bottom impurity control in the prefractionator. CS4 adds another high selector to control the light impurity in the sidestream. Surprisingly, when considering the dynamic and even steady state performance of the proposed control structures, CS1 proves to be the best control structure to handle feed disturbances inserted into the three-product Petlyuk column. (c) 2017 The Chemical Industry and Engineering Society of China, and Chemical Industry Press. All rights reserved.