Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol.353, 273-287, 2018
Ordered mesoporous Zn-based supported sorbent synthesized by a new method for high-efficiency desulfurization of hot coal gas
A new approach (microwave-hydrothermal plus oxidation) was proposed for the preparation of the Zn-based sorbents supported on the ordered mesoporous Si-based material. The hydrothermal synthesis and oxidation conditions of the sorbent precursor (ZnS/MCM41 mesophase) with Zn(AC)(2) and thioacetamide (TAA) as the Zn and S sources, respectively, were optimized. The sorbents were evaluated in a fixed bed using the simulate gas of 2000 ppm H2S, 39% H-2, 27% CO, 12% CO2, and N-2 as balance gas. The structure of the sorbents was characterized by means of XRD, N-2 adsoprtion, SEM, EDX, and TEM analysis. The results indicate that the optimal microwave-hydrothermal conditions are 400 W, 2.5 h, and 1:3 (the mole ratio of the Zn(AC) 2 to TAA). The oxidation of ZnS in the sorbent precursor to ZnO is invalid at 550 degrees C due to unfavorable reaction kinetics. Both the fresh and used sorbents show ordered hexagonal mesoporous structure. It is confirmed that Zn2SiO4 present in the fresh and regenerated sorbents could be consumed during the desulfurization process via the reaction (Zn2SiO4 + 2H(2)S -> 2ZnS+ SiO2+ 2H(2)O), giving a positive effect on the desulfurization of the sorbents. The optimized Zn-based mesoporous sorbent (actual Zn content: 20.3%) exhibits superior (high breakthrough sulfur capacity: 5.4-5.7%) and stable desulfurization ability during five sulfidation/regeneration cycles. In addition, sulifidation reaction only leads to low-degree plugging of the pore structure of the regenerated sorbents, and the regeneration reaction could restore (at least mostly) the aforementioned changes in the pore properties.