화학공학소재연구정보센터
Bioresource Technology, Vol.268, 259-265, 2018
Use of metal chlorides during waste wheat straw autohydrolysis to overcome the self-buffering effect
High ash content of waste wheat straw (WWS) is resistant to biorefinery autohydrolysis pretreatment due to its self-buffering effects. In this work, minor addition FeCl3 and AlCl3 were applied to overcome the self-buffering effects of WWS by cationic occupation of the negatively charged sites present on particulate ash's surface. The results showed that with the increasing concentrations (0-20 mM) of AlCl3 and FeCl3, the enzymatic efficiencies of autohydrolyzed WWS were enhanced from 49.7% to 62.1% and 66.6%, respectively. Acid buffer and cation exchange capacity of pretreated WWS were decreased by adding metal chlorides and the reducing results were mainly attributed to cation exchange. Meanwhile, a maximum monosaccharide production (185.3 mg/g-WWS) was achieved with 62.0 mg/g-WWS xylooligosaccharide by using 20 mM FeCl3 during WWS autohydrolysis. The results demonstrated that the implications of FeCl3 and AlCl3 in WWS autohydrolysis were an effective strategy to enhance autohydrolysis efficiency by overcoming self-buffering effects.