Bioresource Technology, Vol.268, 97-106, 2018
Functional genera, potential pathogens and predicted antibiotic resistance genes in 16 full-scale wastewater treatment plants treating different types of wastewater
This study aimed to investigate the bacterial communities and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in 16 wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) treating municipal, industrial and mixed wastewater. Wastewater types showed obvious effects on bacterial communities and functions. Nitrosomonas, Nitrospira, Hyphomicrobium and Accunudibacter were the main functional genera. Mycobacterium was the dominant potential pathogens. A total of 69 ARGs were obtained, and the dominant ARGs subtypes were similar in different WWTPs. Efflux pumps were the most common resistance mechanisms. Copper and zinc resistance genes were the main metal resistance genes (MRGs). Wastewater types affected the distributions of ARGs and MRGs, and they were more similar in industrial and mixed wastewater. The co-occurrence of ARGs existed within or across ARG types, and they were also positively linked to MRGs, some functional and pathogenic genera or environmental factors. This study furthers the understanding of interactions between bacterial communities, ARGs and MRGs in different WWTPs.