Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.503, No.3, 1934-1940, 2018
Targeted deletion of HYBID (hyaluronan binding protein involved in hyaluronan depolymerization/KIAA1199/CEMIP) decreases dendritic spine density in the dentate gyrus through hyaluronan accumulation
HYBID (hyaluronan binding protein involved in hyaluronan [HA] depolymerization, KIAA1199/CEMIP) is a key player in HA depolymerization of the skin fibroblasts, arthritic synovial fibroblasts, and brain. Our previous study demonstrated that Hybid knock-out (KO) mice showed spatial memorial impairment, which is accompanied by the accumulation of high molecular weight HA in the hippocampus. However, the mechanism underlying cognitive impairment by Hybid deficiency remains unclear. In the present study, we examined the HA distribution patterns in the brains of wild-type (WT) and Hybid KO mice by HA staining using HA binding protein, and found that in Hybid KO mice, HA is accumulated and doublecortin-positive immature neurons are significantly decreased in the dentate gyrus of the hippo campus, where Hybid mRNA is highly expressed in WT mice. The Golgi-Cox staining demonstrated that the dendritic spine density is significantly decreased in the dentate gyrus granule cells in Hybid KO mice. These results suggest that Hybid-mediated HA degradation is critical for the synaptic formation process by contributing to cognitive functions, such as learning and memory, in the mouse brain. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.