Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.503, No.3, 1773-1779, 2018
KPT-330, a potent and selective CRM1 inhibitor, exhibits anti-inflammation effects and protection against sepsis
Sepsis, a systemic inflammatory response caused by infection or injury, is still one of the most important causes of death in clinical patients. The ongoing search for the pathogenesis of sepsis and novel therapeutic methods are highly urgent. In this study, we hypothesized that KPT330, a potent and specific small molecule inhibitor of CRM1, could reduce inflammation and attenuate the severity of sepsis. In LPS-induced sepsis model in vivo, administration of KPT330 increased survival rate and ameliorated LPS-induced lung injury, with suppressed levels of TNF-alpha, IL-6 and HMGB1 in the circulation and decreased macrophage and PMN subpopulations in peritoneal cavity. In vitro investigations showed that KPT330 dose-dependently inhibited LPS-triggered proinflammatory cytokines production including TNF-alpha, IL-6 and HMGB1 in macrophages. Furthermore, KPT330 treatment significantly suppressed TNF-alpha and IL-6 mRNA expression and inhibited HMGB1 necleocytoplasmic translocation by inhibiting CRM1 distribution. Moreover, the mechanism analysis demonstrated that KPT330 exerted anti-inflammation effects by inhibiting the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines through suppressing activation of NF-kappa B and p38 signaling. Thus, pharmacologic stimulation of KPT330 may present a promising therapeutic strategy for sepsis. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.