Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.503, No.3, 1641-1644, 2018
Nox4-dependent ROS production is involved in CVB3-induced myocardial apoptosis
Viral myocarditis is a cardiovascular disease that seriously affects human health. Its mechanism is not clear. Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) is a member of the picornavirus family and is the leading cause of viral myocarditis. Our group tested the genes in a mouse model of CVB3 virus infection and confirmed that the NADPH oxidase gene had a high expression trend in the acute phase of infection. Whether Nox4, the homologue of NADPH oxidase, participates in the process of viral myocarditis has not been reported. In this study, we found increased expression of Nox4 in viral myocarditis in vivo and in vitro. DPI is a nonspecific inhibitor of Nox4 that improved CVB3-induced myocarditis after injection in vivo. DPI also inhibited intracellular ROS release and apoptosis in vitro. Our data indicated that Nox4-dependent ROS production was involved in CVB3-induced myocardial apoptosis. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.