Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.504, No.1, 89-95, 2018
Molecular mechanism for the inhibition of DXO by bisphosphate
The decapping exoribonuclease DXO functions in pre-mRNA capping quality control, and shows multiple biochemical activities such as decapping, deNADding, pyrophosphohydrolase, and 5'-3' exoribonuclease activities. Previous studies revealed the molecular mechanisms of DXO based on the structures in complexes with a product, substrate mimic, cap analogue, and 3'-NADP(+). Despite several reports on the substrate-specific reaction mechanism, the inhibitory mechanism of DXO remains elusive. Here, we demonstrate that adenosine 3', 5'-bisphosphate (pAp), a known inhibitor of the 5'-3' exoribonuclease Xrnl, inhibits the nuclease activity of DXO based on the results of structural and biochemical experiments. We determined the crystal structure of the DXO pAp-Mg2+ complex at 1.8 A resolution. In comparison with the DXO RNA product complex, the position of pAp is well superimposed with the first nucleotide of the product RNA in the vicinity of two magnesium ions. Furthermore, biochemical assays showed that the inhibition by pAp is comparable between Xrnl and DXO. Collectively, these structural and biochemical studies reveal that pAp inhibits the activities of DXO by occupying the active site to act as a competitive inhibitor. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.