Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.505, No.1, 146-150, 2018
Skeletal muscle secretion of IL-6 is muscle type specific: Ex vivo evidence
Emerging evidence indicates that skeletal muscle possesses endocrine function to secret myokines. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a well-characterized myokine that is involved in regulation of metabolism and muscle function. Metabolism type and contractile dynamics vary in different muscle types. It is not clear, however, if IL-6 secretion differs in different muscle types. In this study, we first established an ex vivo approach to test the inducible muscle secretion. Freshly isolated muscles were incubated in Krebs solution at 37 degrees C with oxygen supply. Secreted IL-6 in the incubation media was measure using Western blot and ELISA assay. We first confirmed that the IL-6 release was inducible by treating the incubated muscle with a cytokine stimulant. We demonstrated that physiological temperature (37 degrees C) and O-2 supply were essential for the induction of IL-6 release from the incubated muscle, suggesting it is a controlled secretion rather than a spontaneous leak. Using this approach, we found that IL-6 release was only inducible from soleus muscle but muscle We further showed that IL-6 protein level was higher in slow oxidative muscle fibers. Moreover, we showed that EDL, although lacks of IL-6 release, surely has inducible secretory function that had different secretory pattern from soleus. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.