Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.505, No.2, 586-592, 2018
Protective effect of electro-acupuncture at maternal different points on perinatal nicotine exposure-induced pulmonary dysplasia in offspring based on HPA axis and signal transduction pathway
Perinatal nicotine exposure can not only lead to lung dysplasia in offspring, but also cause epigenetic changes and induce transgenerational asthma. Previous studies have shown that electro-acupuncture (EA) applied to "Zusanli" (ST 36) can improve the lung morphology and correct abnormal expression of lung development-related protein in perinatal nicotine exposure offspring. However, it is still unclear whether ST 36 has a specific therapeutic effect and how maternal acupuncture can protect the offspring from pulmonary dysplasia. In this study, we compared the different effect of ST 36 and "Fenglong" (ST 40), which belong to the same meridian, in terms of lung pulmonary function and morphology, PPAR gamma, beta-catenin, GR levels in the lung tissues and CORT in the serum of perinatal nicotine exposure offspring, and explored the mechanism of acupuncture based on the maternal hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. It is shown that EA applied to ST 36 could restore the normal function of maternal HPA axis and alleviate maternal glucocorticoid overexposure in offspring, thereby it can up-regulate the PTHrP/PPAR gamma and down-regulate the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathways, and protects perinatal nicotine exposure-induced pulmonary dysplasia in offspring. Its effect is better than that of ST 40. These results are of great significance in preventing perinatal nicotine exposure-induced pulmonary dysplasia in offspring. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.