Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.505, No.4, 985-990, 2018
All arthroscopic remnant-preserving reconstruction of the lateral ligaments of the ankle: A biomechanical study and clinical application
Lateral ankle sprains are one of the most common injuries in sports. Recently, arthroscopic lateral ligament reconstruction has been recently advocated, however no biomechanical studies and clinical application of this technique are available. In this biomechanical study, eighteen fresh-frozen cadaveric ankles were randomized into three groups: (1) intact anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) and calcaneofibular ligament (CFL), (2) arthroscopic anatomic reconstruction of ATFL and CFL, and (3) all arthroscopic remnant-preserving reconstruction of ATFL and CFL. The specimens were then tested for stiffness and load to ultimate failure using a customized jig. In biomechanical test, the all arthroscopic remnant-preserving reconstruction of ATFL and CFL produced a reconstruction that could withstand loads to failure and stiffness similar to the arthroscopic anatomic reconstruction. However, both two reconstruction groups were much weaker than the intact, uninjured ATFL and CFL. Moreover, we used the technique of all arthroscopic remnant-preserving reconstruction of ATFL and CFL on 20 patients from September 2016 to September 2017. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores and Anterior Talar Translation (ATT) were applied for statistical collection at preoperative and postoperative 12 months to evaluate clinical efficacy. The differences of the preoperative and postoperative 12 months AOFAS scores and ATT of patients were both statistical significant (P < 0.01). We confirmed that all arthroscopic remnant-preserving reconstruction of ATFL and CFL exhibited positive effect, thus promoting the recovery of ankle function and had good short-term clinical effect. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc.