Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Vol.239, 545-554, 2018
Ag3PO4/Ti3C2 MXene interface materials as a Schottky catalyst with enhanced photocatalytic activities and anti-photocorrosion performance
The high carrier recombination rate and serious photocorrosion of Ag3PO4 greatly restrict its photocatalytic application. Here, we fabricated an Ag3PO4/Ti3C2 Schottky catalyst and found that Ti3C2 can greatly enhanced the catalytic activity and stability of Ag3PO4. This arises from: (i) the abundant surface hydrophilic functional groups of Ti3C2 construct strong interfacial contact with Ag3PO4, which facilitate the separation of carriers; (ii) the strong redox reactivity of surface Ti sites promote multiple electron reduction reactions to induce more center dot OH production; and (iii) a Schottky junction formed at Ag3PO4-Ti3C2 interface timely transfer electrons to Ti3C2 surface by built-in electric field, inhibiting the photocossion of Ag3PO4 caused by photogeneration electrons. Consequently, Ag3PO4/Ti3C2 exhibited excellent photocatalytic activity and stability for the degradation of organic pollutants. Especially, the apparent rate constant of 2,4-Dinitrophenol degradation with Ag3PO4/Ti3C2 was 2.5 times that of Ag3PO4/RGO and 10 times that of Ag3PO4. The photocatalytic performance of Ag3PO4/Ti3C2 toward tetracycline hydrochloride still maintained 68.4% after 8 cycles, while Ag3PO4/RGO and Ag3PO4 only maintained 36.2% and 7.8%, respectively. Furthermore, the efficient photoreduction of Cr6+ using AgI/Ti3C2 further illustrated an enormous potential in coupling Ti3C2 with other photosensitivity semiconductor to improve their catalytic activity and stability.