Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol.185, No.3, 655-675, 2018
Emergence of a Promising Lead Compound in the Treatment of Triple Negative Breast Cancer: An Insight into Conformational Features and Ligand Binding Landscape of c-Src Protein with UM-164
UM-164, a potent Src/p38 inhibitor, is a promising lead compound for developing the first targeted therapeutic strategy against triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). However, lack of understanding of conformational features of UM-164 in complex with Src serves a challenge in the rational design of novel Src dual inhibitors. Herein, we provide an in-depth insight into conformational features of Src-UM-164 using different computational approaches. This involved molecular dynamics (MD) simulation, principal component analysis (PCA), thermodynamics calculations, dynamic cross-correlation (DCCM) analysis, and hydrogen bond formation. Findings from this study revealed that (1) the binding of UM-164 to Src induces a more stable and compact conformation; (2) the binding of UM-164 results in increased correlation among the active site residue; (3) the presence of multiple phenyl rings and fluorinated phenyl group in UM-164 contributes to the steric effect; (4) a relatively high-binding free energy estimated for the Src-UM-164 system is affirmative of its experimental potency; (5) hydrophobic packing contributes significantly to the drug binding in Src-UM-164; and (6) observed increase in H-bond distance of interacting residue atoms and Dasatinib compared to UM-164. Findings from this study can serve as a baseline in the design of novel Src inhibitors with dual inhibitory properties.