화학공학소재연구정보센터
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol.186, No.3, 563-575, 2018
Highly Efficient Deracemization of Racemic 2-Hydroxy Acids in a Three-Enzyme Co-Expression System Using a Novel Ketoacid Reductase
Enantiopure 2-hydroxy acids (2-HAs) are important intermediates for the synthesis of pharmaceuticals and fine chemicals. Deracemization of racemic 2-HAs into the corresponding single enantiomers represents an economical and highly efficient approach for synthesizing chiral 2-HAs in industry. In this work, a novel ketoacid reductase from Leuconostoc lactis (LlKAR) with higher activity and substrate tolerance towards aromatic alpha-ketoacids was discovered by genome mining, and then its enzymatic properties were characterized. Accordingly, an engineered Escherichia coli (HADH-LlKAR-GDH) co-expressing 2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase, LlKAR, and glucose dehydrogenase was constructed for efficient deracemization of racemic 2-HAs. Most of the racemic 2-HAs were deracemized to their (R)-isomers at high yields and enantiomeric purity. In the case of racemic 2-chloromandelic acid, as much as 300 mM of substrate was completely transformed into the optically pure (R)-2-chloromandelic acid (>99% enantiomeric excess) with a high productivity of 83.8 g L-1 day(-1) without addition of exogenous cofactor, which make this novel whole-cell biocatalyst more promising and competitive in practical application.