Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol.186, No.4, 1017-1033, 2018
Decolorization of Reactive Black 5 and Reactive Blue 4 Dyes in Microbial Fuel Cells
Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) have potential to treat industrial wastewater containing organic compounds and simultaneously generate power. Organic compounds include textile dyes with various chromophore groups, which can be decolorized reductively by microorganisms under anaerobic conditions. In the present study, we examined the decolorization of Reactive Black 5 (RB5) azo dye and Reactive Blue 4 (RBL4) anthraquinone dye under open circuit potential in MFCs with graphite plate and graphite felt electrodes and a microbial consortium originally derived from bovine rumen fluid. RB5 dye was more than 90% decolorized in 120, 165, and 225min at 50, 100, and 200mgL(-1) concentrations, respectively. RBL4 dye at 50 and 100mgL(-1) took 225 and 300min to decolorize, while 200mgL(-1) RBL4 dye was not decolorized at all. Under closed circuit conditions, decolorization increased with decrease in external load, whereas current generation increased with external resistance. The results demonstrate that the reductive cleavage of the chromophore was more rapid with RB5 than with RBL4.