Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.29, No.10, 2501-2511, 2018
Heulandite/polyaniline hybrid composite for efficient removal of acidic dye from water; kinetic, equilibrium studies and statistical optimization
Heulandite/polyaniline (HU/PANI) composite was prepared by mechanical mixing from natural heulandite and synthesized polyaniline. HU/PANI was characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, FT-IR, and UV-Vis spectroscopy. The product is of polycrystalline nature with an average crystallite size of 25.7 nm and optical band gap of 1.69 eV. HU/PANI shows higher efficiency in the removal of light green SF dye than natural HU or PANI in the dark and under artificial illumination. The equilibrium time was attained after 360 and 480 min in the dark and under illumination, respectively. The results fitted well with pseudo second order and Elovich kinetic models. The adsorption isotherm in the dark fitted well with Langmuir isotherm model and the calculated q(max) was 44.6 mg/g. Using illumination, the data fitted better with the Freundlich and Temkin model than with the Langmuir model. Based on response surface analysis, the predicted conditions for maximum removal of light green SF dye in the dark (70.9%) were 5.5 mg/L, 24 mg, 3, and 430 min for dye concentration, HU/PANI dose, pH, and contact time, respectively. Whereas, under light illumination (97%) at operating conditions of 15 mg/L, 15 mg, 3, and 589 min, respectively. The composite also shows high efficiencies in the removal of other types of acidic and basic dyes. (C) 2018 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Polyaniline/heulandite composite;Characterization;Isotherm modeling;Kinetic studies;Response surface