Process Biochemistry, Vol.69, 131-135, 2018
Overexpression of relaxin family peptide receptor 3 in Escherichia coli and characterization of its ligand binding properties
Relaxin family peptide receptor 3 (RXFP3) is an A-class G protein-coupled receptor. It is implicated in the regulation of food intake and stress response upon activation by the neuropeptide relaxin-3. So far, preparation of enough functional RXFP3 for structural analysis is still challenging due to its integral membrane protein nature. In the present study, we overexpressed an N-terminally secretory maltose-binding protein (sMBP)-fused shortened human RXFP3 in prokaryotic host Escherichia coli. A small fraction of the sMBP-RXFP3 fusion protein could be integrated into the E. coli cell membrane and this fraction retained ligand binding function although the measured binding parameters were different from those of sMBP-RXFP3 overexpressed in mammalian cells due to different cell membrane lipids of the different host cells. Our present work paved the way for production of functional RXFP3 using the low-cost E. coli expression system.