화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Power Sources, Vol.385, 165-171, 2018
Effect of overcharge on Li(Ni0.5Mn0.3Co0.2)O-2/graphite lithium ion cells with poly(vinylidene fluoride) binder. III - Chemical changes in the cathode
1.5 Ah pouch cells based on Li(Ni0.5Mn0.3Co0.2)O-2 cathodes and graphite anodes, both containing poly (vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) binders, were systematically overcharged to 100, 120, 140, 160, 180, and 250% state of charge (SOC), at which point they vented. The cells were subsequently discharged to 0% SOC and disassembled under an inert atmosphere for characterization. A combination of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning-electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), Li-6 SSNMR, and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis of the NMC532 cathodes indicates the formation of a thin C- and O-rich cathode electrolyte interphase layer, progressive Li loss above 140% SOC, and retention of the bulk crystal structure at all states of charge.