Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol.36, No.17, 3115-3120, 1998
Polymer-polymer rectifying heterojunction based on poly(3,4-dicyanothiophene) and MEH-PPV
Thin, homogeneous films of a high electron affinity (n-dopable) polymer, poly(3,4-dicyanothiophene) (PDCTh), were prepared by in-situ thermal polymerization of 2,5-diiodo-3,4-dicyanothiophene on substrates. As a result of the presence of two cyano substituents on the thiophene backbone, PDCTh is an electronegative polymer, with the LUMO at ca. 3.6 eV and the HOMO at ca. 6.7 eV. We demonstrate the fabrication of polymer-polymer rectifying heterojunctions using PDCTh and poly(2-methoxy-5-(2＇-ethyl-hexyloxy)-1,4-phenylene vinylene) (MEH-PPV) polymer layers on ITO-glass. Rectification ratios in the current voltage characteristics of these devices exceed 10.(3) This device exhibits a photovoltaic effect with a de sensitivity at -3 V reverse bias of 4 x 10(-4) A/W or quantum yield of 0.1% electrons/photon.