화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Crystal Growth, Vol.492, 92-97, 2018
Morphology and kinetics of crystals growth in amorphous films of Cr2O3, deposited by laser ablation
An electron microscopic investigation was performed on the structure and kinetics of the crystallization of amorphous Cr(2)0(3) films, deposited by pulsed laser sputtering of chromium target in an oxygen atmosphere. The crystallization was initiated by the action of an electron beam on an amorphous film in the column of a transmission electron microscope. The kinetic curves were plotted on the basis of a frameby-frame analysis of the video recorded during the crystallization of the film. It was found that the amorphous phase - crystal phase transition in Cr(2)0(3) films occurs as a layer polymorphic crystallization and is characterized by the values of the dimensionless relative length unit delta(0) approximate to 2000-3100. The action of the electron beam initiates the formation of crystals of two basic morphological forms: disk-shaped and sickle-shaped. Growth of a disk-shaped crystals is characterized by a constant rate nu and the quadratic dependence of the fraction of the crystalline phase x on the time t. Sickle-shaped crystal at an initial stage, as it grows, becomes as ring-shaped and disk-shaped crystal. The growth of a sickle-shaped crystal is characterized by normal and tangential velocity components, which depend on the time as similar to root t and as similar to 1/root t respectively The end point of the arc at the interface between the amorphous and crystalline phases as the crystal grows describes a curve, which is similar to the Fermat helix. For sickle-shaped, as well as for disk-shaped crystals, the degree of crystallinity x similar to t(2). (c)2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.